NR-508 Week 8 Final Exam Guide Multiple Variants Essay Assignment

NR-508 Week 8 Final Exam Guide Multiple Variants Essay Assignment

NR-508 Week 8 Final Exam Guide Multiple Variants Essay Assignment

NR-508 Week 8 Final Exam Guide Multiple Variants

NR 508 Final Exam Consist of 100 Questions From a Random Test Bank of Questions from All 8 weeks and All Embedded Recorded Lectures.  Information is taken from the following Areas listed below:

Final Exam Guide – 55 Pages

Cardiovascular management:

  • Ace inhibitors and ARBs
  • Thiazides
  • Thiazide diuretics
  • Loop diuretics
  • Potassium sparing diuretics
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (or Inhibitors) ARBs or Angiotensin-2 Receptor Antagonists)
  • Angiotensin-Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitors (ARNIs)
  • Beta Blockers are one of the most widely prescribed classes of drugs to treat hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Aldosterone Antagonists

Hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate (specifically benefits African Americans with heart failure)

What do these types of medication do:

  • Anticoagulants (blood thinners)
  • Cholesterol lowering drugs (statins)


  • Migraine management and prophylactics
  • Migraine medications to avoid in patients with asthma.
  • Stimulants
  • Nonstimulants
  • Strattera (atomoxetine)


Know the treatment of Alzheimer’s and the education behind the medication management of the disease.

Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChE inhibitors) for Alzheimers (AD)


Parkinson Disease:

  • Levodopa
  • Benztropine
  • MAOI:
    • Selegiline
    • Rasagiline




Effect of protein on absorption of levodopa

Depression medications

SSRIs include:

Monitoring of depression.

Antipsychotics, Serentil/mesoridazine

Clozaril labs to monitor CBC, ANC

Carbamazepine lab monitoring

Seizure managementKnow first line treatment for generalized seizure management not adjunct therapies

Absence seizures

Myoclonic seizures

Tonic or atonic seizures

4 Types of incontinence


Erectile dysfunction

  • TADALAFIL (Cialis)
  • Avanafil (Stendra)



Radioactive iodine.

Methimazole (Tapazole).


Diabetic medications

  • Metformin or Glucaphage-
  • Metformin ER or Glucaphage XR
  • Micronase or glyburide
  • Glucotrol or glipizide
  • Avandia or rosiglitazone
  • Actos or pioglitazone
  • Starlix or nateglinide
  • Prandin or repaglinide


  • Rapid acting
  • Short acting
  • Precose or Acarbose
  • Glyset or miglitol



Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)


Drugs OTC

Antacids – Calcium salts, calcium carbonate (Tums®)

xAntacids – Sodium bicarbonate

Antacids – Aluminum salts,  aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel®)



Vitamin deficiency questions

What side effect can occur with Salt substitutes?

Vitamins a vegetarian may require

Smoking cessation:


Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin,

Indications for the use of Vancomycin

  • Staphylococcal Enterocolitis
  • Clostridium difficile-associated Diarrhea
  • Endocarditis
  • Preoperative Antimicrobial Prophylaxis (Off-label)
  • Surgical Prophylaxis (Off-label)
  • Dosing Modifications
  • Dosing Considerations




  • First Generation:
  • Second Generation:
  • Third Generation:
  • Fourth Generation:

Cephalosporin Mode of Action



Acetaminophen Toxicity


Topical NSAIDs

Non-selective NSAIDs (COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitors)

Selective NSAIDs (COX-2 selective)

  • Know the Management of Osteoarthritis
  • Treatment
  • Medications Commonly Used for Osteoarthritis

Final Exam Guide – 8 Pages

Children – Drug — Adverse Reaction

Ear infections


  • First line therapy for otitis media
  • Alternative treatment (if allergy to penicillin)
  • Alternative treatment after 48-72 H of failure of initial antibiotic treatment.
  • Dermatologic:
  • Gastrointestinal:
  • Neurologic:
  • Reproductive: Vulvovaginitis & Mycotic.
  • Dermatologic:
  • Gastrointestinal:
  • Immunologic:


  • Individuals who have hypersensitivity to penicillin’s should avoid amoxicillin.
  • … with allergies or atopic conditions including asthma, eczema, hives (urticaria), or hay fever are at increased risk for hypersensitivity reactions to amoxicillin.
  • Individuals who have mononucleosis should avoid amoxicillin (Increased risk for rash).
  • Caution should be used with the use of amoxicillin in pregnant and breast feeding women.


  • Amoxicillin decreases the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.
  • B-Blockers may potentate anaphylactic reaction to amoxicillin.
  • Tetracycline decreases the effectiveness of amoxicillin.
  • Allopurinol increases rate of rash in individual taking amoxicillin.
  • Probenecid increases the amount of amoxicillin renally excreted.

Otitis Externa


Nitrofurantoin monohydrate/macro crystals (Furadantin, Macrobid, Macrodantin)

(100 mg twice daily for 5 days)

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim)

(160/800 mg [1 double-strength tablet] twice-daily for 3 days

Fosfomycin (Monurol)

Uncomplicated UTI: 3 g by mouth x1

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